Quan ?i?m c?a Theodore Roosevelt v? vi?c phê bình T?ng th?ng

Tr?n Ng?c C?

Trong hình ?nh có th? có: 1 ng??i, kính râm, kính m?t và c?n c?nh

Trch ?o?n sau ?y l m?t ph?n c?a bi x lu?n Theodore Roosevelt vi?t trn t? Kansas City Star trong Th? chi?n I:

T?ng th?ng ch? l ng??i quan tr?ng nh?t trong s? ?ng ??o nh?ng ng??i ??y t? dn. Chng ta ph?i h?u thu?n ho?c ph?n ??i ng ? m?c ?? thch ?ng v?i hnh vi t?t hay hnh vi x?u c?a ng, s? ??c l?c ho?c s? b?t ti c?a ng trong vi?c ph?c v? ton th? Qu?c gia m?t cch trung thnh, ??c l?c, ch cng v t?. V th?, m?t ?i?u tuy?t ??i c?n thi?t l ng??i dn ph?i c t? do ??y ?? ?? ni ln s? th?t v? cc hnh ??ng c?a T?ng th?ng, v ?i?u ny c ngh?a l c?n ph?i h?i t?i ng khi ng lm sai c?ng nh? ca ng?i ng khi ng lm ?ng. B?t c? m?t thi ?? no khc h?n ? ng??i cng dn M? ??u l hn h? v n l?. Tuyn b? r?ng chng ta khng ???c ph bnh T?ng th?ng, hay r?ng chng ta ph?i h?u thu?n T?ng th?ng, d ?ng d sai, khng nh?ng l thi?u tnh yu n??c v n l?, m l mang tinh th?n ph?n qu?c ??i v?i cng chng M?. Ng??i dn khng ???c ni g khc h?n s? th?t v? ng ho?c v? b?t c? m?t ai. Nh?ng ni ln s? th?t v? v? T?ng th?ng th?m ch cn quan tr?ng h?n ni ln s? th?t v? b?t c? m?t ai khc.
Nguyn v?n:
“The President is merely the most important among a large number of public servants. He should be supported or opposed exactly to the degree which is warranted by his good conduct or bad conduct, his efficiency or inefficiency in rendering loyal, able, and disinterested service to the Nation as a whole. Therefore it is absolutely necessary that there should be full liberty to tell the truth about his acts, and this means that it is exactly necessary to blame him when he does wrong as to praise him when he does right. Any other attitude in an American citizen is both base and servile. To announce that there must be no criticism of the President, or that we are to stand by the President, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public. Nothing but the truth should be spoken about him or any one else. But it is even more important to tell the truth, pleasant or unpleasant, about him than about any one else.”
“Roosevelt in the Kansas City Star”, 149
May 7, 1918

Ngu?n: FB Tr?n Ng?c C?

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